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Red yeast rice, plant sterols, curcumin and polyphenols may reduce blood vessel damage

Few studies measure the effects of nutrients on lipids after a meal.

In this trial, 80 adults who were overweight but not likely to have heart or circulatory problems cut 600 calories per day from their diets for one month, then took a daily placebo or 166 mg red yeast rice, 720 mg plant sterol esters, 45 mg curcuminoids, 25 mg olive polyphenols, and no other supplements.

While taking the nutrients, triglycerides, total and LDL cholesterol levels were lower than placebo, and lower than the start of the study. And after a high-fat meal, there were fewer signs of blood vessel damage.