Diet tips for getting lean

The following tips and suggestions are designed to support an overall healthy lifestyle and a realistic weight loss plan so you maintain a healthy weight for the rest of your life.   

Count your calories

On average, women require 2,000-2,100 calories per day to maintain their weight and men require 2,700-2,900. The solution to safely lose weight is to consume 500 calories less per day than you need to maintain your weight. Doing this, you can lose 1 pound per week since 1 pound of fat is equal to 3,500 calories.

Eat three small meals with one or two high protein snacks spread throughout the day. You’ll maintain your energy levels without feeling starved. A more severe calorie reduction will lead to muscle breakdown, slowed metabolism, fatigue and quitting your diet early.

When it comes to maintaining your healthy weight over the long-term, most diets fail because any weight lost is typically followed by an equal or greater weight gain. This is because when you restrict calories, your body releases chemicals that trigger your appetite to increase. You can fight this for a while, but usually, it overpowers even the most determined dieter.

Tip: Eat 500 calories less per day than you would eat to maintain your weight and you can lose one pound per week.


Exercise to boost metabolism

To lose weight faster—up to two pounds per week—combine the reduction in caloric intake with an increase in caloric expenditure through exercise. By adding one hour of moderate to intense physical activity into your daily regimen, you can burn an extra 500 calories or more a day for an additional 3,500 calories less per week.

You can easily speed up your metabolic rate while you exercise by doing a simple cardio workout or lifting weights. Doing weight-bearing exercises not only increases your lean muscle mass but increases your resting metabolism as well since your body burns more calories to maintain a pound of muscle than a pound of fat.


If you work out in the morning, you receive added benefits, including increased energy throughout the day and increased metabolism (calorie burning) during waking hours. In addition, research shows that people who train earlier in the day tend to stick with their exercise program. Those who wait to work out later in the day can miss them due to daily distractions.

Tip: Add at least 30 minutes of morning exercise to your daily regimen to burn more fat.


Time your meals to burn fat

Meal composition and timing can play a big role in your ability to burn body fat. Getting lean in a hurry is not only based on what you eat, but also when you eat it.

If you do your cardio in the morning, do it immediately upon waking. You burn the same amount of calories in the morning as in the evening for the same amount of work. However, research indicates that the percentage of fat calories burned during morning exercise, on an empty stomach, can be greater. A recent study showed that consuming 25 grams of whey or casein after an 8- to 10-hour fast) created higher energy expenditure and fat burning activity compared to fasting or 25 grams of carbs. 

To maximize the benefits of cardio later in the day, you should time your meals and minimize simple carbohydrate consumption. Do cardio 30 minutes after your pre-workout meal. Your pre-workout meal should consist of protein and little to no carbs to maximize fat burning. 

After your workout, if you delay eating any food for at least an hour, you keep your body in the fat burning mode. Then eat a relatively low glycemic meal.

Tip: To maximize fat burning, avoid eating carbohydrates for two hours before your workout and one hour after.


Eat protein to lose weight 

When it comes to shedding pounds, the amount of calories matters but so do the type of calories. While calorie impact has been controversial, several recent studies point to protein’s convincing benefits on weight loss.

In one study, protein was increased from 15% to 30% of calories and fat reduced from 35% to 20% (carbs remained constant at 50%). The increase in protein was clearly associated with reduced appetite and fewer calories consumed, which ultimately led to significant weight loss.



In another study of dieters who lost 5-10% of their body weight, the weight regain was less in the high protein group compared to the normal protein group. The high protein group only gained back two pounds of the weight that was previously lost compared to seven pounds for the normal group. Not only was weight regain less in the high protein group, they also gained only muscle and not fat.

Protein also keeps your metabolism revved up. Several studies have shown protein to generate more heat than carbs and fat. This means calorie for calorie, more energy from protein is given off as heat and less is available for storage as fat.

On restricted calorie diets, rapid weight loss is usually a sign of muscle and water loss, not fat loss. When your body is starved, it will naturally burn other sources of energy, including muscle. Eating protein provides the amino acids your body needs to prevent the breakdown of your own muscle. Make sure you get 0.5-1 gram of protein daily per pound of ideal body weight.

Excellent protein sources include skinless chicken breasts, egg whites, nonfat dairy such as cottage cheese, low-fat fish such as tuna and a variety of protein powders such as whey, casein or soy. Mixing a serving of whey protein concentrate into water provides about 25 grams of protein, yet only 4 grams of carbs. The best part is, it only costs about 70-80 cents, making it more cost-effective than traditional protein foods.

Tip: Choose fast-digesting whey protein to burn more calories; use slow-digesting casein or milk protein isolate (containing casein) to help keep you feeling full longer.


MRPs make eating simpler

Meal replacements include protein shakes, powders or bars that replace a normal meal. They are easy to use, require little if any preparation and most importantly, provide structure to the daily eating plan. Using meal replacements to assist in weight management has been examined in several studies.

In one study conducted over a 5-year period, overweight subjects who consumed a meal replacement shake lost about 10 pounds compared to others who gained 15 over the same time period, resulting in a 25-pound difference in weight between them. The value of meal replacements is the structure of having a prepared meal, which can provide the needed motivation to reduce calories and enhance weight loss.

Tip: Protein bars, shakes and meal replacements are perfect for breakfast, lunch or when you’re rushed.


Concentrate on good carbs

Carbohydrate-rich foods like potatoes, pasta and white rice are considered high glycemic foods. Each stimulates your body to release insulin, which turns excess carbohydrate into fat. Bodybuilders and endurance athletes like to stimulate an insulin release after a workout because insulin helps replenish their muscles with glycogen. But when dieting, you want to avoid insulin spikes.

To stop insulin surges or spikes, avoid simple or high glycemic carbohydrates. Shoot for 50-100 grams of carbohydrate per day, depending on your weight. Your goal is to burn all the carbohydrate from a single meal within a couple of hours. For the first few days of your diet, eat as few carbohydrate-rich foods as you can. After your first week, eat only low glycemic carbohydrates like lettuce or salad greens, grapefruit and apples, which don’t stimulate rapid insulin production or fat storage.

Tip: Cut back on carbs or eat low glycemic carbs to control insulin.


Eat fat to lose fat

Certain fats are essential for your body—you can't live without them. Essential fatty acids, or EFAs, help you feel full longer after meals because your stomach empties more slowly.

Flaxseed oil is an economical source of EFAs. It’s great to add to protein shakes, salad dressings or other foods. Because of its mild flavor, many people take it straight from a spoon! Fish oils are also excellent sources of EFAs and come in convenient capsule form.

Another option is to take MCTs. Eating less can make you feel fatigued, and MCTs are a great source of energy when you need a boost. 

Tip: Add flax oil to a low carb protein shake to help you feel full longer.


Have a snack or two

To make sure you stay fueled throughout the day, it’s important to eat a high-protein, low-carb snack between meals. Low carb bars are ones that don’t affect your blood sugar levels. Some of their carbs come from sugar alcohols like glycerine or maltitol. Low glycemic impact protein bars, ready-to-drink shakes and lower calorie protein powders make perfect snack options to give you that late-morning and mid-afternoon energy boost.

Tip: Eat only half of your favorite meal replacement or protein bar to re-fuel your body without adding too many extra calories.


The skinny on fat burners

The secret to healthy dieting is burning fat, not just losing weight. Thermogenic diet products, also known as “fat burners,” are supplements used to temporarily increase metabolism and energy. The term “thermogenic” means “heat-creating” and refers to the general warming that takes place when metabolism increases. Thermogenic supplements can be especially useful for those transitioning from a sedentary lifestyle into a more physically active one. They are best used to provide an energy boost prior to your exercise session. They also help counteract the body’s natural tendency to slow your metabolism when dieting.

Some examples of effective fat burners are ones that contain Sinetrol® Fruit Extracts, caffeine, green tea (standardized for at least 270 mg of EGCG per day) and/or yerba mate.

Green tea has been widely studied for its effect on weight loss, especially for its ability to increase metabolic rate and oxidize fat. In one study, green tea extract containing 150 mg of caffeine and 270 mg of EGCG was shown to increase the metabolic rate by 4% over a 24-hour period. This increase in energy expenditure equates to an additional 65-200 calories burned a day, which over a period of one month, equals about 0.6-1.7 pounds of fat loss—just from green tea alone!

Tip: Use a fat burner, preferably one that contains green tea, before workouts and meals.


Take a multi-vitamin

It’s difficult to get all the vitamins and minerals your body needs from food alone. A well-rounded multi-vitamin supports your fat loss or muscle building efforts and makes up for deficiencies in your diet when eating less food.

Tip: Use a multi-vitamin and mineral formula every day (minimum 2-per-day formula). Take with the largest meal of the day, preferably with one that includes some fat.


Throw out the scale

Losing fat is the goal. A reasonable and safe amount of fat loss is 1-2 pounds a week. Any more than that is probably not just fat loss, but muscle and water loss. Not only is your body weaker after losing muscle, but your metabolism slows.

The key to measuring how successful you’ve been at losing weight is not to worry too much about your actual weight, but to monitor how your clothes fit.

If you need to check your progress to keep motivated, use a tape measure to measure inches lost or a special scale that estimates body fat. Remember, don’t just count the pounds!

Tip: Gauge your success by your waistline, not the scale. 


Plan a cheat day

When your diet becomes so restrictive that you can’t go out to dinner, visit friends or enjoy a hotdog at a ball game, your chances of staying on the diet are very slim. Allow yourself one meal a week to eat any way you choose. Be flexible and reasonable with your diet program. Eating more calories one day a week may actually help your chances of success by preventing your metabolism from recalibrating to a lower setpoint.

Tip: When you splurge, use a carb and fat inhibitor to help minimize the damage a carb or fat-laden meal can do to your diet.

As with any new program, to ensure success, it’s important to be consistent in your diet and workout routine. Find a friend to diet with to hold each other accountable. Before you know it, you’ll see that your efforts are paying off. 


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