Beta-carotene and synbiotics improve diabetes factors
Synbiotics combine probiotics and prebiotics. In this study, 102 people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, age 35 to 70, took a placebo or a beta carotene-fortified synbiotic containing bacillus coagulans, 100 mg of the prebiotic inulin, and 50 mg of beta-carotene equal to 83,333 IU, three times per day. After six weeks, the synbiotics group saw a decrease in triglyceride levels while the placebo group had increased; very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), a hazardous form of “bad” cholesterol, decreased while increasing for placebo; levels of nitric oxide, a blood vessel relaxer, rose while decreasing for placebo; and glutathione, an antioxidant that protects against oxidative damage, increased for synbiotics while decreasing for placebo.

Reference: Clinical Nutrition Journal; 2016, Vol. 35, No. 4, 819-25.
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