Antioxidants may be helpful for disease prevention and disorders
Earlier studies of populations suggest that high levels of antioxidants (vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenoids, flavonoids, and proanthocyanidins) in the diet protect against many diseases and disorders. In this study, doctors measured total antioxidant capacity from diet and supplements in 4,093 adults, aged at least 19, who reported their dietary habits. Those who took antioxidant supplements had 1.6 times higher total
antioxidant capacity compared to those who didn’t take supplements. Doctors adjusted for differences in age, gender, lifestyle, and other factors and found, on average overall, higher total antioxidant capacity had a link to lower triglycerides, a lower ratio of triglycerides to HDL— the “good” cholesterol—an 0.65 percent increase in HDL, lower fasting insulin levels, reduced insulin resistance, and lower levels of C-reactive protein, an inflammatory factor. Those with the highest total antioxidant capacity also tended to be physically active, non-smoking, healthy weight, older women who took supplements and consumed more fiber and less saturated fats.

Reference: Nutrients; 2016, Vol. 8, No. 1, E15.
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