The probiotic lactobacillus casei may help control blood sugar in type 2 diabetes

Recent research suggests a balanced gut microbiome is critical to maintaining health and managing chronic conditions such as type 2 diabetes. 

In this study, 40 normal weight to obese adults, aged 30 to 50, with type 2 diabetes, took a placebo or 100-million colony-forming units of the probiotic lactobacillus casei per day.

After eight weeks, for those taking probiotics, fasting blood sugar levels declined to 135.84 milligrams per deciliter of blood from 164.20, while increasing slightly for placebo. Long-term average blood sugar levels, or HbA1C, declined to 6.84 from 7.30 while increasing for placebo.

Insulin levels and insulin resistance both declined for probiotics while increasing for placebo. Weight, body mass index scores and waist circumference also improved for probiotics.

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