More vitamin E, higher IQ in children
Infants with extremely low birth weight—less than 2 pounds, 3 ounces—are usually born at 27 weeks gestational age or earlier, and are more susceptible to complications and impaired mental development. In this study, researchers divided 259 school age kids born at extremely low birth weights into three groups based on how long they were given vitamin E supplements as infants: less than six months, more than six months, or no vitamin E supplements. Compared to no vitamin E and short-term vitamin E, kids who got vitamin E for six months or more had the lowest incidence of mental impairment and better IQ test performance.

Reference: Acta Paediatrica; 2015, Vol. 104, No. 2, e82-9.
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