Low fat diet plus fish oil reduce chances of cancer recurring in men
One of the key predictors of prostate cancer recurring is how quickly those cells replicate, a process known as cell cycle progression. In this study, men having their prostate removed ate a standard higher fat Western diet or a low fat diet with fish oil supplements. Doctors measured levels of a pro-inflammatory substance, leukotriene B4, they believe is linked to cell cycle progression.

Compared to the Western diet, men who ate the low-fat, fish oil diet, had lower blood levels of leukotriene B4 and lower cancer cell replication scores. In a surprising discovery, doctors also found prostate cancer cells have a receptor for leukotriene B4 on their surface, which may lead to a breakthrough for treatment in the future.

Reference: Cancer Prevention Research, Epub October 29, 2013
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