Prebiotic benefits after antibiotics

Earlier studies found the prebiotic inulin reduced fevers requiring medical attention in children, which doctors believe is linked to gut health.

In this study, 258 healthy kids, ages three to six, took a placebo or 6 grams of inulin fiber per day. After 24 weeks including winter, those in the inulin group had significantly higher gut levels of the probiotic Bifidobacterium compared to  placebo. When kids required antibiotics, Bifidobacterium levels declined in both groups, but the prebiotic group retained higher and more stable levels.

Discussing the findings, doctors said young children are susceptible to wintertime infections requiring antibiotics, an early disturbance which can damage gut microbiota and create an imbalance that may affect health in later years.

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