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Probiotics reduce diarrhea when taking antibiotics
Antibiotics kill off good bacteria, altering the delicate balance in the gut. People in hospitals, nursing homes or other health care facilities who take antibiotics over the long term can suffer severe diarrhea when bad bacteria, known as Clostridium difficile or C. diff., grow unchecked.

In this review of 23 studies, 4,213 adults and children in health care facilities who were taking long-term antibiotics took probiotics, a placebo, or no treatment. After 30 days or less, those who had taken probiotics were 64 percent less likely to have developed diarrhea compared to placebo or no treatment.

Reference: Cochrane Database SystRev. 2013 May 31; 5: CD006095
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