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Type 2 Diabetes

Also indexed as:Blood Sugar (Diabetes), Diabetes, Type 2, High Blood Sugar
Also known as adult-onset diabetes, type 2 diabetes can often be managed by carefully monitoring your diet. According to research or other evidence, the following self-care steps may be helpful. 

The right diet is the key to managing many diseases and to improving general quality of life. For this condition, scientific research has found benefit in the following healthy eating tips.

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Ask an expertAn individualized nutrition management plan, preferably provided by a registered dietitian who is knowledgeable and skilled in providing diabetes Medical Nutrition Therapy, is critical to managing type 2 diabetes well. This will help address individual nutrition needs, take into account personal and cultural preferences, help maintain the pleasure of eating, and provide practical tools for day-to-day meal planning.
Be flexibleThe American Diabetes Association takes the position that there is not a one-size-fits-all eating pattern for individuals with diabetes, because a variety of eating patterns have been shown to be effective in managing diabetes.56
Be GL savvyWhole grains, beans, vegetables, and fruit are healthy foods for everyone, and this includes people with diabetes. These foods are loaded with nutrients and fiber, providing valuable fuel that will keep blood sugar levels stable.
Feast on fish Research has found that eating fish may improve cardiovascular health in people with type 2 diabetes. This is important because heart disease is common among people with diabetes, and is a leading cause of death in this group.
Feature more fiber According to a comprehensive research review on the connection between dietary fiber and diabetes, eating plenty of cereal grain fiber may significantly reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.65
Limit sugar Most doctors recommend that people with diabetes eat less sugary foods like snacks and processed foods and replace these foods with high-fiber, whole foods.
Switch up the fatReplacing saturated fat with monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), which are found predominantly in olive oil, and also nuts and seeds, may improve insulin sensitivity and minimize the accumulation of unhealthy fat around the mid-section.

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The information presented in Aisle7 is for informational purposes only. It is based on scientific studies (human, animal, or in vitro), clinical experience, or traditional usage as cited in each article. The results reported may not necessarily occur in all individuals. Self-treatment is not recommended for life-threatening conditions that require medical treatment under a doctor's care. For many of the conditions discussed, treatment with prescription or over the counter medication is also available. Consult your doctor, practitioner, and/or pharmacist for any health problem and before using any supplements or before making any changes in prescribed medications. Information expires June 2016.

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