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The aim of the new study was to determine the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on measures of fetal and child growth and on the risk of becoming overweight or obese as young children. The study included 5,342 mothers, fathers, and their children living in the Netherlands. The mothers answered questions about their prenatal smoking history, and the children’s growth and weight were monitored throughout pregnancy and then regularly until age four. Fathers also gave information regarding their smoking status during their partners’ pregnancies.
“Our findings suggest that direct intrauterine exposure to smoke until late pregnancy leads to different height and growth adaptations and increases the risks of overweight and obesity in preschool children,” said Busra Durmus, lead author of the study. “Smoking during pregnancy might lead to permanently impaired skeletal growth, a shorter stature, and higher weight.”
There are plenty of reasons to quit smoking, including decreasing your risk of lung cancer and other respiratory diseases, diabetes, and heart disease. For some women, quitting becomes easier when they know that they’re not just affecting their own health, but also the health of their unborn baby. If you’re trying to quit, acupuncture and hypnosis are safer alternatives to nicotine replacement products to help curb your cigarette cravings and quit smoking for good.
“When you see babies born prematurely and struggling just to survive, you want to do everything you can to keep it from happening to another child,” says Gail Gallon, a NICU (neonatal intensive care unit) nurse. “Now that we have even more information about the dangers of smoking during pregnancy, we can do more to encourage women to give their babies the healthy start that they deserve.”
(Am J Clin Nutr 2011;94:164–71)
Kimberly Beauchamp, ND, received her doctoral degree from Bastyr University, the nation’s premier academic institution for science-based natural medicine. She co-founded South County Naturopaths in Wakefield, RI, where she practiced whole family care with an emphasis on nutritional counseling, herbal medicine, detoxification, and food allergy identification and treatment. Her blog, Eat Happy, helps take the drama out of healthy eating with real food recipes and nutrition news that you can use. Dr. Beauchamp is a regular contributor to Healthnotes Newswire.