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The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) considered what was the latest research at the time when crafting their policy statement, “Climatic Heat Stress and Exercising Children and Adolescents.” One of the most important take-away messages in the report is that, “contrary to previous thinking, youth do not have less effective thermoregulatory ability, insufficient cardiovascular capacity, or lower physical exertion tolerance compared with adults during exercise in the heat when adequate hydration is maintained.”
This should bring relief to concerned parents of young athletes, but it is by no means a license to push children and teens to exercise hard or long in high heat. The policy statement points out that heat-related illness in kids is the result of a number of known risk factors, including:
If your child has a chronic health condition or is taking medication, check with your family doctor or pediatrician about how this might affect his or her ability to exercise in the heat.
If you have young athletes in your house, take steps to ensure they stay safe when exercising in the heat. According to the AAP, you should:
Suzanne Dixon, MPH, MS, RD, an author, speaker, and internationally recognized expert in chronic disease prevention, epidemiology, and nutrition, has taught medical, nursing, public health, and alternative medicine coursework. She has delivered over 150 invited lectures to health professionals and consumers and is the creator of a nutrition website acclaimed by the New York Times and Time magazine. Suzanne received her training in epidemiology and nutrition at the University of Michigan, School of Public Health at Ann Arbor.