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There are lots of reasons to breast-feed when you can, including lower risks of childhood
Recent studies have suggested that breast-feeding might also predict cardiorespiratory fitness levels later in life, but the results haven’t been consistent. Fitness levels impact overall health, so any strategies aimed at improving fitness may also help reduce mortality from a wide range of health conditions later in life.The study looked at 1,025 children and 971 adolescents as part of the European Youth Heart Study to determine the effect of breast-feeding duration on fitness levels in childhood. Mothers were asked if they exclusively breast-fed their babies (meaning that the babies had no other liquid or solid foods during this time) and for how long. The study didn’t include babies who were given a combination of formula and breast milk.
The children’s fitness levels were measured using a standardized cycling test, and their height, weight, body mass index, and body fat percentage were assessed.
Children and adolescents who were exclusively breast-fed for at least three months as babies had significantly higher fitness levels than those who weren’t breast-fed for as long. Longer duration of breast-feeding was associated with better fitness even in heavier children and in those who were less physically active. “Our findings suggest that early infant feeding method affects an important health marker associated with cardiovascular disease later in life,” commented the study’s authors.
Breast-feeding for more than six months didn’t seem to provide any additional fitness benefits.
Being in better shape decreases the risk of developing cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and osteoporosis later in life. Try these tips to give your child a head start for a fit life.
(Am J Clin Nutr 2012;95:498–505)