In the prostate gland, zinc serves as an important enzymatic cofactor. It also helps maintain prostate tissues. It does not help with urine flow, but is important to the overall health of the prostate. Zinc can be found in many multi-vitamin-mineral formulas or you can choose individual zinc formulas.
Saw palmetto extract has been prescribed for decades in Europe to treat mild to moderate prostate enlargement. It is recommended to take 640 mg of an 45% extract once per day, 320 mg of a 85% extract once per day or 160 mg of an 85% extract twice per day, to result in an effective potency. Saw palmetto can be taken by itself as in Lindberg Saw Palmetto Extract, or as part of a complete prostate formula like Lindberg Prostate Support or Fitness Labs ProstaFit.
Nettle (Urtica dioica), also known as stinging nettle, is a rich source of beneficial phytonutrients such as chlorophyll, sterols, polyphenols, lignans, and gallic acid. Stinging nettle is a common ingredient in prostate formulas because clinical trials have shown it to influence the frequency of nighttime urination (fewer trips to the bathroom).
Lycopene & Lutein
Lycopene, a carotenoid found in tomatoes, has been associated with reduced prostate cancer risk, and lutein has been linked to prostate cancer prevention according to a study at UCLA Center for Human Nutrition. According to a report in the Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, carotenoids are assimilated more readily through supplementation than from diet alone. Lycopene has also been shown to reduce oxidative stress and improve the health and function of the endothelial blood vessel linings.
Artherosclerosis; 2011 Mar; Vol. 215, No. 1, 189-95.
American Institute of Cancer Research Meeting, July 16, 2001; Washington D.C.
Researchers measured serum levels of selenium in men with prostate cancer and healthy men, and followed them for eight years. Scientists found that men who had higher selenium levels who also reported taking a multi-vitamin had a 39% lover risk for prostate cancer than men with the lowest selenium levels.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: 2007; Vol. 85, No. 1, 209-17.
A recent study showed that men taking green tea catechins for one year reduced their risk of developing prostate cancer. They found that EGCG, the compound found in green tea, targeted prostate cancer cells for death, without damaging benign controls.
96th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research in Anaheim, CA.
Pygeum (Pygeum africanum) contains sterols that promote prostate and urinary tract health. Pygeum extract is often combined with saw palmetto in prostate formulas. Pygeum extract has been widely used in Europe since the early 1970s for its positive impact on normal urinary flow and nighttime urinations (fewer trips to the bathroom).*
Research also shows that supplementing with 4,000 IU of vitamin D helped improve PSA levels in men with stable, slow growing, non-aggressive prostate cancer.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism; 2012, Vol. 97, No. 7, 2315-24.
Coenzyme Q10 and Omega-3s
A recent research study showed that men consuming omega-3's (EPA and DHA) or CoQ10 showed a significant reduction in PSA levels.
British Journal of Nutrition; 2013, FirstView Article, 1-8.
Pumpkin Seed Oil
Pumpkin Seed Oil is a nutritional oil derived from a special variety of pumpkins. Pressed from green seeds, the oil is rich in essential fatty acids as well as vitamins and minerals. Pumpkin seed oil is valued for its naturally occurring plant sterol (phytosterol) content. It may support a healthy bladder and prostate function.*
Flower Pollen Extract
Flower pollen extract has been used for more than five decades to support prostate health. This nutrient rich compound contains vitamins, minerals, carotenoids, minerals, amino acids, enzymes, lipids and fatty acids. Research shows supplementation leads to reduction in prostate volume and helps reduce daytime frequency and sensation of residual urine. Flower pollen extract is supported by placebo-controlled and double blind clinical trials and is a great alternative to pharmaceuticals for BPH patients.